Botany department was established in 1929. Dr. R.L. Nirula and Prof. K.V. Varadpande were the first staff members, the former being the Head when the B.Sc. (Hons.) course were introduced in 1933. Due to reorganization of States, Dr. L.B. Kajale, Dr.S.A.Paradkar and Shri. A.T. Kapuskar joined the department. Dr. Kajale started research in embryology in the department and few students obtained their Ph.D. under his guidance. Later Prof. M.V. Mirashi established a school of Taxonomical and Anatomical studies and research in this department. He prepared a well-established Herbarium of Vidarbha region. This is an outstanding feature of this department and many persons visit the Herbarium for identification of their specimens. Prof. Mirashi was given the AState Award for the “Best University teacher” in 1979-80. In his memory the Herbarium was named as Prof. Mirashi Herbarium on his first death anniversary.
Dr.(Smt.)S.D.Chitaley, a scientist of international repute was Head of the Botany Department from 1967 to 1974. She was the pioneer in establishinh Paleobotany in 1967 and Palynology in 1969. Under her able guidance 12 students were awarded Ph.D. degree. She received prestigious Jared Potter Kirtland Award for her contributions in PAleobotany at USA.
Eminent botanist like late Prof. Maheshwari, Prof. Mahabale, Prof. R. Mishra, Prof. K.C. Mehta, Dr K.R. Surange have visited the department. More than 150 students has been awareded Ph.D. degree from this department since 1962 to 2015 .
Department has two combination for B.Sc with groups CBZ and CBEnv and three specialization for M.Sc in Palynology, Advanced Phycology and Paleobotany.
Research laboratory- In last 52 years large number of researchers worked in the various branches of botany like Ctomorphology, Plant pathology, Aerobiology, Palnology, Phytochemistry, Phytodiversity, Plant Biotechnology, Paleobotany, Ecology, Melissopalynology. All basic facilities’ available for research Laboratory.Laboraotuy are recognized with RTMN Nagpur University, Nagpur.Department has started Certificate course in Plant Biotechnology with the financial assistance of UGC in XIth plan. About 30 students benefitted from this course. In department 5 teaching and 3 nonteaching staff are available.
Many students of department has qualified NET / SET/GATE examinations. And also lots of Students achieved merit position in RTM Nagpur university examinations.